The Comedy of Errors - The Two Gentlemen of Verona - The Taming of the Shrew - Love's Labour's Lost - A Midsummer Night's Dream - The Merchant of Venice - The Merry Wives of Windsor - Much Ado About Nothing - As You Like It - Twelfth Night


Twelfth Night or What You Will


Englisch-deutsche Studienausgabe

Twelfth Night / Was Ihr Wollt.

Deutsche Prosafassung und Anmerkungen von Therese Steffen.
Stauffenburg Verlag
Über diese Ausgabe (deutsch)


on-line editions / translations / sources / productions, performances / film versions / adaptations in literature / adaptations in music / paintings / criticism / in the classroom / deutsche Webseiten / just for fun / top

If a site is no longer accessible, try the WEB ARCHIVE: [http://web.archive.org/web/*/] + [URL]


on-line editions

Folio (1623) (09/05/00)

Folio (1623), University of Virginia [http://etext.virginia.edu/shakespeare/folio/]

Promptbooks of the 17th Century ed. G. Blakemore-Evans. [http://etext.virginia.edu/bsuva/promptbook/] (25/04/01)

modern editions on-line

Twelfth Night, Modern spelling, Renascence edition, ed. R. Bear [www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/shake/tn.html] (Jan. 2002)

Twelfth Night, W. J. Craig, Oxford 1914. [http://www.bartleby.com/70/index23.html] (Jan. 2002)


Twelfth Night. American Sign Language Project: [http://www.yale.edu/asl12night/] (last visit: 02/02/00)

Was ihr wollt. Deutsche Übersetzung Chr. M. Wieland. [http://projekt.gutenberg.de/shakespr/wasihr/wasihr.htm] (May 2002)

La Nuit des Rois. French translation, Ariane Mnouchkine. not available on-line.

La dodicesima notte / Twelfth Night. Italian Translation. (PDF-file)

Driekoningenavond Dutch translation. by Jan Jonk. [http://www.janjonk.nl/] (March 2002)



not available:
Anon. Gli ingannati
Nicolo Secchi, Gli inganni, (The Deceived), 1547
Nicolo Secchi, L'Interesse, 1581
Barnabe Riche, Riche his Farewell to Miltarye Profession
The Famous History of Parismus, Emanuel Firde, 1598
The Sidney Papers - Letter by Roland White
Merry Passages and Jests, Nicholas L'Estrange


productions, performances

a) stage history

Current and forthcoming Shakespeare productions in the UK [http://www.touchstone.bham.ac.uk/performance/shakespeare%20productions.html] (April 2002)

The Traffic on Stage (Shakespeare Productions 1999 - 2002 in the UK) [http://www.is.bham.ac.uk/testjon3/] (April 2002)

Shakespeare at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre (1906-1960) [http://www.touchstone.bham.ac.uk/exhibition/Birmingham/home.html] (April 2002)

b) actors, pictures of performances

The Cleveland Press Shakespeare Photographs by Lesley Ellen Jorbin. Free searchable database for pictures of performances: photographs from the plays of Shakespeare on stage, screen, TV, opera and ballet. [http://www.ulib.csuohio.edu/shakespeare/]
comedies [http://www.ulib.csuohio.edu/shakespeare/comedy.shtml] (Jan. 2002)

Viola Allen. Shakespeare's Heroines. (1906) with picture as Viola) [http://www.classicaltheatre.com/id20.htm]

costume designs, USA 1935 - 1939 [http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/tri101.html] (Jan. 2002)

b) reviews of productions

Your Own Thing (musical) Off-Broadway 1967/68

Play on (musical, Duke Ellington) Broadway 1996-97

Twelfth Night. Nicolas Hytner, Broadway 1998

Kavanaugh, Rachel. London Open Air 1999 reviews


film versions

Internet Movie Database [http://www.imdb.com/Name?Shakespeare,+William]
Shakespeare on Television: a bibliography of criticism [http://www.shu.ac.uk/emls/06-1/diazbibl.htm]

Play On! (musical, USA, 2000) dir. Gary Halvorson [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0250658]
Trettondagsafton (Sweden, 1999) (TV) dir. Mikael Ekman; transl. Allan Bergstrand [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0123308]
Twelfth Night (USA, 1998) (TV) dir. Nicholas Hytner [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0171854]

Twelfth Night: Or What You Will (UK, 1996) dir. Trevor Nunn [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0117991]
Twelfth Night by Trevor Nunn , 1996, Fine Line Features official site. [http://www.flf.com/twelfth/index.html]
Peter Holland : "The Dark Pleasures of Trevor Nunn's Twelfth Night" [http://www.shakespearemag.com/spring97/12night.asp]
Jones, Nicholas R. Trevor Nunn's Twelfth Night: Contemporary Film and Classic British Theatre Early Modern Literary Studies 8.1 (May 2002) [http://www.shu.ac.uk/emls/08-1/jonetwel.htm]

Dvenadtsataya noch (Russia, 1992)(Engl. Version: Twelfth Night, 1992) dir. Mariya Muat [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0105663]
Twelfth Night (1980) (BBC, TV) dir. John Gorrie [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0081668];
discussion of the BBC TV version [http://www.io.com/~jlockett/Grist/English/12thnightfilm.html]
Was Ihr wollt (1973) (Austria, TV) dir. Otto Schenk [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0070899]
Twelfth Night (1972) dir. Wertheim, Ron. (Playboy, soft porn)
Twelfth Night (UK, 1969) (TV) dir. John Sichel [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125569]
Was Ihr wollt (1968) (West Germany, TV) dir. Ludwig Cremer [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0229031]
Trettondagsafton (Sweden, 1967) (TV) dir. Hans Dahlin [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0170711]
Was Ihr wollt (East Germany 1963) (TV) dir. Lothar Bellag [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125593]
Was Ihr wollt (West Germany, 1962) dir. Franz Peter Wirth [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125592]
Twelfth Night (UK, 1957/I) (TV) dir. Caspar Wrede [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125567]
Twelfth Night (USA, 1957/II) (TV) dir. David Green [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125568]
Dvenadtsataya noch (USSR 1956) dir. Yan Frid [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0049166]
Twelfth Night (UK; 1950) (TV) dir. Harold Clayton [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125566]
Twelfth Night (UK, 1939) (TV) dir. Michel Saint-Denis [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125565]
Twelfth Night (UK, 1937) (TV) [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0259698]
Twelfth Night (1910) dir. Charles Kent [http://us.imdb.com/Title?0125564]


adaptations in literature

Adaptations of Shakespeare ed. Daniel Fischlin and Mark Fortier.
Titles from Twelfth Night. [http://www.barbarapaul.com/shake/12n.html]

Burnaby, William. Love Betray'd. (play) 1703.
(If I hear Orinda Swear, set by John Eccles) song [http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/b/burnaby/orinda.html]

Lamb, Charles and Mary. Tales from Shakespeare: Twelfth Night, [http://daphne.palomar.edu/shakespeare/lambtales/LTTNIGHT.HTM]
Lamb, Charles and Mary. Tales, ill. by Arthur Rackham [] (May 2002)
Lamb, Charles and Mary. Tales, ill. by Gertrude Hammond (1878) [http://www.bartleby.com/1012/]

Nesbit, Edith. Beautiful Tales from Shakespeare

adaptations in popular novels and romances: Balogh, Mary. Christmas Belle; Gray, Vanessa. A Lady of Property; Heyer, Georgette. Venetia. Potter, Evans. The Toast of the Town; Wolf, Joan. Fool's Masquerade, commented by Osborne, Laurie, Romancing the Bard: [http://www.colby.edu/personal/l/leosborn/POPSHAK/]


adaptations in music


Duke Ellington. Play On! A musical based on Twelfth Night with songs by Duke Ellington [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/gperf/shows/playon.html] (May 2002)
Duke Ellington. Play On! [http://centerstage.net/theatre/reviews/playon.html] (May 2002)
Play on! (musical, Duke Ellington) Broadway 1996-97
Michael Kuchwara, Discussion of the Broadway production of Play On!

Your Own Thing Music & lyrics by Danny Apolinar & Hal Hester: Book by Donald Driver, inspired by Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare. Orpheum Theatre, Off-Broadway 13 January, 1968 (937 perfs) [http://www.nodanw.com/shows_y/your_own_thing.htm] / listen to samples
Your Own Thing (musical) Off-Broadway 1967/68

Illyria. (musical) Book, Music, & Lyrics by Peter Mills. [http://www.ProspectTheater.org/] (April 2002)

incidental music

Sibelius, Jean. Trettondagsafton - Twelfth Night , op. 60 (1909) canto+guitar/piano (transl. Hagberg) (list of works at : http://web.inter.nl.net/hcc/pdebode/sibopus.htm)

Trojahn, Manfred. Was ihr wollt. Oper. Libretto von Claus H. Henneberg. Rezension von Gordon Kampe: [http://www.omm.de/veranstaltungen/musiktheater20002001/DU-was-ihr-wollt.html] (March 2002)
Manfred Trojahn im Gespräch, neue musikzeitung, Aug. 1998 [http://www.nmz.de/nmz/nmz1998/nmz07/dossier/trojahn2.shtml]
Rezension von Reinhard Schulz, neue musikzeitung, Aug. 1998 [http://www.nmz.de/nmz/nmz1998/nmz07/dossier/trojahn1.shtml] (March 2002)


1848, E. Steinkühler, Cäsario oder die Verwechslung
1872 M.Anger, Viola
1872 W. Rintel. Was ihr wollt
1874, Carl Gottfried Willhelm Taubert, Cesario oder Was ihr wollt
1892, K. Reis, Viola
1904 A. Kirchner, Viola
1932 A. Kusterer, Was ihr wollt
1934 Hanns Holenia, Viola
1937 K. Brüggeman, Illyrisches Abenteuer
1941 J. Hess, Was ihr wollt


Songs: see [http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/s/shakespeare/]

Come away, death:
Benjamin Dale (1885-1943); Madeleine Dring (1923-1977); Gerald Finzi (1901-1956) Let Us Garlands Bring, op. 18, no. 1 (1939); Erich Korngold (1897-1957) Songs of the Clown, op. 29, no. 1; Roger Quilter (1877-1953), op. 6 no 1; Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924) The Clown's Songs from"Twelfth Night" op 65; Ralph Vaughan Williams (1909).
in Swedish by Jean Sibelius (1865-1957), "Kom nu hit, död", op. 60 no. 1.
in French by Ernest Amédée Chausson (1855-1899) Trois Chansons de Shakespeare, op. 28, no. 1.
O mistress mine, where are you roaming? (Act II, scene 3):
Amy Marcy Cheney Beach (1867-1944), op. 37 no. 1; Ernest Farrar (1885-1918); Gerald Finzi (1901-1956), Let Us Garlands Bring, op. 18 no. 4 (1942); Percy Grainger (1882-196?), arrangement of Morley's piece (1903); Erich Korngold (1897-1957) Songs of the Clown, op. 29 no. 2; Thomas Morley (1557-1602); Sir Hubert Parry (1848-1918), 1886, English Lyrics, set 2 no. 1; Roger Quilter (1877-1953), op. 6 no. 2. ; Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924), The Clown's Songs from "Twelfth Night" op 65; Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), 1913; Richard Henry Walthew (1872-1951); Peter Warlock (Philip Arnold Heseltine) (1894-1930), "Sweet-and-Twenty" (1924)

Eccles, John. If I hear Orinda Swear, song [http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/b/burnaby/orinda.html]

Haydn , Josef. (1732-1809). She never told her love [http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/s/shakespeare/never.told.love.html]

Korngold, Erich. (1897-1957) Adieu, Good Man Devil (Act IV, sc. 2) Songs of the Clown, op. 29, no. 3. [http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/s/shakespeare/korngold29.3.html]

Sibelius, Jean. (1865-1957), Hållilå, uti storm och regn ("Hey, ho, the wind and the rain") Act V. op. 60 no. 2, in Swedish and English. [http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/s/shakespeare/]


paintings, illustrations

Shakespeare Illustrated, paintings, engravings, sketches of scenes etc. (1797 - 1899)

W. Heath Robinson: Shakespeare's Comedy of Twelfth Night or What You Will ; William P. Frith: The Duel Scene from "Twelfth Night"; Edwin Austin Abbey: O Mistress Mine, Where Are You Roaming? Edmund Blair Leighton: Olivia ; Frederick Richard Pickersgill: Viola and the Countess [http://www.barbarapaul.com/shake/12n.html]

Leslie, C. R. "Olivia". (picture from Knight's Imperial Edition) at: [http://home.wanadoo.nl/m.vanherpt/index.html] (Febr. 2002)
Maclise, D. "Malvolio" (picture from Knight's Imperial Edition) at: [http://home.wanadoo.nl/m.vanherpt/index.html] (Febr. 2002)
, Frith, W. P. "The Duel" (picture from Knight's Imperial Edition) at: [http://home.wanadoo.nl/m.vanherpt/index.html] (Febr. 2002)



Blackstock, Jon. Finding Favour in Twelfth Night Elizabethan Choice and Preference in Shakespeare's Comedy [http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/5002/92116] (June 2002)

Boyle, Charles. "Allowed Fools: Notes Towards An Elizabethan Twelfth Night" (Olivia as Queen Elizabeth) [http://www.everreader.com/twelft2.htm]

Chidester, Stephanie. Twelfth Night, A Motley Medley. (madness and folly in Twelfth Night) [http://www.dixie.edu/academics/courses/shakespeare/12thess.htm]

Godshalk, William Leigh. "Twelfth Night: All or Nothing? What You Will, It's All One -- Or Is It?" Shaksper webpage: [http://ws.bowiestate.edu/archives/files/index.html]

Locket, Joseph. "'An Improbable Fiction': Shakespeare's Twelfth Night in Sources and Performance": [http://www.io.com/~jlockett/Grist/English/12thnightsources.html]

Locket, Joseph. "The BBC Twelfth Night: Relationships Revealed": [http://www.io.com/~jlockett/Grist/English/12thnightfilm.html]

Moulton: From The Library of Literary Criticism of English and American Authors, ed. Charles Wells Moulton, 8 vols. (London: Moulton Publishing, 1901), 1: 498-99. [http://geocities.com/litpageplus/shakmoul-12thnt.html]

Norton, Rictor. The Maid in Man's Attire. Queer History and Literature. [http://www.infopt.demon.co.uk/pastor06.htm]

Reitz Mullenix, Elizabeth : Twelfth Night for the Illinois Shakespeare Festival [http://orathost.cfa.ilstu.edu/shakespeare/research/ISFtwelfth.html]


in the classroom

see also on this site: Education - Shakespeare in the classroom

a) lesson plans for the lazy teacher

Twelfth Night [http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-4099.html] (May 2002)

Cummings, Michael. The Complete Shakespeare - Study Guide to Shakespeare. [http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/xShakeSph.html#top] (Jan. 2002) Twelfth Night [http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/xShakeSph.html#topTwelfth.html]

Johnson, Jay. Twelfth Night, condensed version (1 act) for the classrrom. [http://www2.mhc.ab.ca/users/jjohnson/twelfth_night.htm] (Jan. 2002)

Marx, Steven. Triangulating Shakespeare: teaching and lecture notes, course outlines, articles, links, suggestions, film reviews

Massi, JM. study questions. [http://www.jetlink.net/~massij/wssq/twelfth.html] (25/04/01)

Harris, Martha. My very walk should be a jig. For Act I, 60-90 min. Sh. Magazine Teaching Resources. [http://www.shakespearemag.com/play.asp?id=11#28] (Jan. 2002)

Teach with movies (Trevor Nunn, 1996) [http://www.teachwithmovies.org/guides/twelfth-night.html] (Jan 2002)

Teaching Shakespeare, Folger, lesson plans (archive) [http://www.folger.edu/education/getarchive.cfm]

b) websites for the eager student

Shakespeare for Teachers and Students (Internet School Library Media Centre) The best site for general links [http://falcon.jmu.edu/%7Eramseyil/shakes.htm] (Jan. 2002)
Cummings, Michael. The Complete Shakespeare - Study Guide to Shakespeare. [http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/xShakeSph.html#top] (Jan. 2002) Twelfth Night [http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/xShakeSph.html#topTwelfth.html]
ClassicNotes [www.classicnote.com/ClassicNotes/Titles/twelfth/] (Jan. 2002)
Spark Notes Twelfth Night [http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/twelfthnight/] (Jan. 2002)
Twelfth Night Study Guide [http://www.allshakespeare.com/plays/twelfth/] (Jan. 2002)
Magic in the Web Twelfth Night [http://www.utdallas.edu/~kmarshal/Shakespeare/twelfth.htm] (May 2002)


deutsche Webseiten

Gröchel, André. Das kleine Shakespeare-Brevier. Was ihr wollt. Inhalt, Wurzeln, Quellen. [
Falls dieser Link nicht klappt: http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.deslit.de/shakespeare/wollt.htm]


Just for Fun



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